Conjunctions (when, if, because, although): ring-tailed lemur
The Grammar Bit!
Read the scintillating sentences opposite. Notice how they have been extended to include more than one clause (or section). Remember – a clause typically contains a subject and a verb.
The words in bold are subordinating conjunctions and we can use them to add extra information to our sentences, which make them more interesting.
With a partner, compare these two different ways of writing the same information. Which is more effective? Why?
The lemurs eat the cicadas because they are a valuable source of protein to them.
The lemurs eat the cicadas. They are a valuable source of protein to them.
1) The cicadas squirted out honeydew when they fed on the tree sap.
2) Although the giant wasp hid the paralysed cicadas, the ring-tailed lemur was able to find them.
3) If the giant wasps didn’t sting the cicadas, the ring-tailed lemurs would struggle to catch them.
Did you know?
Ring-tailed lemurs mark their territory with scent. During battles, males try to win by ‘outstinking’ each other!