The Grammar Bit!
The three sentences opposite each contain a parenthesis. A parenthesis (bold) is an additional piece of information added to a sentence. Brackets, dashes and commas can all be used to indicate parenthesis.
Try to think of parenthesis as if the writer is whispering in your ear, “Here is a little bit of extra information. It’s not vital that you know it, but it is interesting.”
Take turns with your talk partner reading each sentence with and without the parenthesis. What do you notice?
1) Female lions, which are the main hunters within a pride, will often work together to bring down larger prey.
2) The mane of a male lion – an impressive fringe of long hair that encircles its head – is designed to attract a female.
3) The pride (whose main focus was to keep the cubs safe) did not come to the aid of the elderly male.
The mane man was just lion around!