Figurative language: whooper swan

2 - The Grammar Bit

The Grammar Bit!

Now that you are in Year 6, you will be familiar with figurative language. You may have used it in your stories and poems to build vivid images in the reader’s mind and to give greater meaning and strength to your words. In this lesson we will focus on three commonly used figurative devices:

  • Simile – a simile directly compares two separate concepts by using connecting words such as ‘like’ or ‘as’. e.g. He was wily as a fox.
  • Metaphor – a metaphor compares two things by saying something is something else. (It is like a simile but it doesn’t use the connecting words described above.) e.g. She cried a river of tears.
  • Personification – personification is where you give a non-human thing human traits. e.g. Time marched on.

With your talk partner, decide which of the sentences opposite uses a simile, which uses a metaphor, and which uses personification. Give each sentence a score rating (1-10) based on the imagery that is created in your mind . How might you improve the imagery created by adding/changing any words or phrases?

Scintillating Sentences

1) The rush of wind kissed her feathered cheeks as she started to gather speed.

1) Like an aeroplane lifting off a runway, the majestic whooper swan took to the air.

2) Shrouded in an eerie mist, the snow queen glided silently across the glassy lake.

Did you know?

The whooper swan undertakes what is probably the longest sea crossing of any swan species, travelling from Iceland to the UK in the winter. It can also fly at very high altitudes.